Assessing the occupational history of breast cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy and chemotherapy: retrospective-study
Donkor Andrew, Kyei Kofi Adesi, Asare-Sawiri Michael and Konney Nii Okpoti
World Journal of Epidemiology and Cancer Prevention 2013, 2:5
Breast cancer, a disease of both the developing and the developed world’s is the leading type of cancer in women. Its incidence in a year is approximately 20-25 per 100,000 women, varying from region to region, and this rate is continuously increasing over the past decade. There is contradictory evidence on whether occupation is a risk factor for breast cancer. It has been reported that clerical workers, teachers, medical and health care personnel, agricultural workers, and some industrial workers are at greater risk of developing breast cancer. Our study aims at assessing the occupational history of breast cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy and chemotherapy
Materials and Methods
A self-administered questionnaire on socio-demographic, known risk factors and occupational history was given to eighty-one breast cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital. SPSS software version 14 was used to analyse the data.
Eighty-one eligible breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy and chemotherapy participated in the study. The age range was 31-76 years and the mean age was 51.7 years (standard deviation of 10.9 years). 70.3 of the participants at the time of study were married and 22.2% indicated that they had basic education. Most (75.3%) of the patients were employed. Majority of the participants were traders (50.8%) with a minimum working duration of 8 years and a maximum of 49 years. 87.7% of the participants had never worked with equipment and 18.5% of the participants had been working with chemicals.
The study identified trading to be the major occupation among the participants. There was however increased alcohol consumption among the participants
Occupation, Breast cancer, Risk factor