Prevalence of Refractive Errors and its Associated Factors among Female Students of King Saud University, Riyadh
Shaffi Ahmed Shaik, Mashael Abdulaziz Alkhayyal, Alanoud Khalid AlHammad, Alanoud Mohammad AlOmair, Dalal Ibrahim AlFayez, Dina Saleh AlMunif and Maysoon Abdulhadi AlHaizan
World Journal of Medical and Surgical Ophthalmology 2016, 2:1
To quantify the prevalence of refractive errors and its associated
factors among female students of KSU and to compare different methods of correction
and also pattern of adherence towards
the guidelines for wearing contact lenses between medical and non-medical
An observational quantitative cross sectional
Material and methods
was conducted amongst 345, 3rd and 4th year female
students at female academic medical center and female Business College in KSU,
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia during Jan.to March, 2013. A well-structured pre-tested questionnaire
was used to collect the data. The data was analyzed with SPSS 21.0 version
The prevalence of refractive error among
female students was 55.4% (191 out of 345). Refractive errors were significantly
higher in medical students than non-medical students with percentages of 61.3%
and 49.4% respectively. A statistical significant association was observed
between developing refractive errors and spending long hours in front of
computer screen. Non-medical students adhere more to guidelines for wearing
contact lenses when compared to medical students.
higher proportion of female students in KSU have refractive errors, in which
medical students were more affected than non-medical students.
who are at high risk (e.g. family history, exposed to near work) should be
aware about the problem and start preventive measures early.
studies are needed to find out why medical students take less care about their
contact lenses, medical
students, myopia, near work, refractive errors, risk factors.