Cranioplasty : Routine Surgical Procedure or Risky Operation?
Nicola Acciarri, Francesca Nicolini and Matteo Martinoni
World Journal of Surgical Research 2016, 5:5
Cranioplasty is a surgical procedure performed
to restore a defect on the cranial vault after a previous decompressive
craniectomy made for traumatic brain injury, ischemic or hemorrhagic disease,
or even after the removal of cranial tumors. Although apparently it may
resemble an easy and routine surgical procedure, cranioplasty has a rate of
complications up to 41% of cases. The most frequently reported complications
are infections, autologous bone flap resorption, and hematomas. Other possible
complications are wound dehiscence, seizures, hygroma, and poor cosmetic
results. In this paper we report an overview of
the possible complications deriving from cranioplasty. The most evident
causes of complications are discussed, suggesting, when possible, solutions to
avoid or limit them.
Infection, Bone Resorption, Haemorrhage, Seizures, Cosmetic Result