World Journal of Pathology Volume No 6

Case Report Open Access

Primary Small Cell Carcinoma of the Renal Pelvis: A Case Report with Review of Literature

Priti Trivedi, Divya Kriplani, Ashini Shah, Sanjoy Sen, Hemang Baxi and Manoj Shah
World Journal of Pathology 2013, 2:9

Abstract

Introduction

Primary small cell carcinomas originating in the renal pelvis are extremely rare and very aggressive neoplasms.

Case report

We report the case of a 70 year old male who presented with hematuria and flank pain. The patient underwent a left nephroureterectomy with left Para aortic lymph node dissection. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry revealed a small cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis. The patient refused chemotherapy and died two months following surgery.

Conclusion

Small cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis is a rare and aggressive neoplasm with limited survival due to a high incidence of occult metastasis at the time of presentation. After a comprehensive literature search we found 14 cases of small cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis including the current case, and a review of the same is presented and discussed.

Key words

small cell carcinoma, kidney, renal pelvis, prognosis.




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